Soil Conservation Program


Soil Conservation became an important concern in the early 1930’s as wind erosion problems became more severe. Many people remember this as the “dirty thirties.” Through years of research, procedures and practices were recognized that we still use today. Such as re-establishing grass cover, extending crop rotations, winter cover crops, residue management, shelterbelts, conservation tillage and grassed waterways.

In 1935, “The Control of Soil Drifting Act” was passed. This confirmed the responsibility of the “occupier” of the land to control & prevent soil drifting. In 1962, this act was replaced by the “Soil Conservation Act”. With a few revisions throughout the years the Soil Conservation Act is still what is used today to help prevent erosion and soil degradation.

Soil Degradation - The Forgotten Issue

The Soil Conservation Act’s main purpose is to provide a framework for farmers to encourage soil conservation practices. These practices are to preserve Alberta’s agricultural land base and to ensure long-term productivity of the farming sector. 

The main areas of concern under the Soil Conservation Act are wind erosion and water erosion. The risk of soil erosion through wind and water is increased when proper procedures and practices are not established and followed. Other forms of soil degradation that are destructive to soil quality are organic matter loss and salinization. 

Click below to view the Soil Conservation Act: 

Soil Conservation Act 

Wind erosion is a major concern in the County of Newell. Besides legislative responsibilities, check out these great articles, authored by Farming Smarter, that outline some of the other detrimental impacts. Everything from soil structure to neighbour relations can be eroded. Don’t blow it by letting erosion occur. Click below to view the Farming Smarter Winder Erosion articles. 

Farming Smarter - Wind Erosion 

Click below to view Soil Erosion Indicator and Information: 

Soil Erosion Indicator

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